News, outreach, and research results featured in the news

The press is communicating some of our results (as well as their importance and significance) to the general public. This is a role that professional societies (e.g., the American Physical Society) are strongly urging scientists to fill.

Outreach efforts to the general public have been repeatedly described by policymakers as crucial for the support for science.

  • 2017: Our software QuTiP (Quantum Toolbox in Python) has been featured in the well-known magazine “The Economist”, in an article on software for quantum computers. The article appeared in the print edition in the Technology Quarterly section, which covered quantum devices.

  • 2017: our paper on quantum money [PDF, Link] has been prominently featured in the header of the Nature partner journal (npj) "Quantum Information" (see here [JPG]). The journal's URL is: http://www.nature.com/npjqi/

  • 2017: our very long and systematic review on the “Electronic properties of graphene-based bilayer systems”, Physics Reports 648, pp. 1-104 (2016) [PDF][Link] has been prominently featured in the Fiztekh (Science News in Russian).
    English [PDF][Link], Russian [PDF][Link]
    Other web pages: Nanowerk [PDF][Link], Cemag [PDF][Link], Phys.org [PDF][Link]

  • 2017: Dr. Franco Nori has been Elected Member of the Latin American Academy of Sciences.

  • 2016: Dr. Franco Nori has been Elected as Foreign Member of the Swedish Royal Society of Arts and Sciences, in Gothenburg, Sweden.

  • 2016: QuTiP has become one of the most popular libraries for research in various areas related to open quantum systems. The outreach and usefulness of our software QuTiP is also evidenced by the 25,473 unique visitors to qutip.org in 2016. This includes over 6000 unique visitors from the USA, about 2000 from Germany, about 2000 from the UK, over 1000 from Japan, and more than 14000 from the rest of the world. In 2016, it has been cited more than 220 times, according to the Web of Science.

  • 2016: QuTiP is now a required qualification for working at US government labs, such as Lawrence Livermore - a National Security Laboratory [PDF, Link]. This ad writes:

    Qualifications - “Significant experience in the life cycle development of quantum hardware, from initial concept to modeling device performance in open source platforms such as QuTIP, to leveraging classical electrodynamics modeling software such as ANSYS or COMSOL, to extract Hamiltonian parameters, to the verification and validation of Hamiltonian parameters through precision microwave characterization, including device utility/concept.”

    Desired Qualifications - Experience with computer coding in languages such as C++, python, and the Quantum Toolbox in Python (QuTIP).”

  • 2016: A pedagogical summary of our recent PRL [PDF, Link] on: "Single photon excites two (or more) atoms at once: Calculations reveal how one particle of light can excite two (or more) atoms simultaneously" [PDF, Link]

  • 2016: cover story of the journal Small, based on our paper “Microswimmers: Confined Catalytic Janus Swimmers in a Crowded Channel: Geometry-Driven Rectification Transients and Directional Locking (Small 42/2016)” [PDF, Link].

    “Combining catalytic Janus swimmers and passive beads in narrow channels, L. Baraban and co-workers observe many dynamic properties, ranging from distinct bulk and boundary-free diffusivity at low densities, whereby a Janus swimmer transports large clusters of passive particles. This research (on page 5882) is an important milestone towards understanding and further fabrication of realistic bioinspired complex networks, containing synthetic autonomous micro- and nano- machines to perform the tasks in a mixture with passive objects.”

  • 2016: Our paper titled “Full reconstruction of a 14-qubit state within four hours” [Link] has been listed (September 2016) as one of the top-10 most read publications in the New Journal of Physics.

  • 2016: Two of our articles [One photon can simultaneously excite two or more atoms, Phys. Rev. Lett. 117, 043601 (2016)] and [Hybrid quantum device with nitrogen-vacancy centers in diamond coupled to carbon nanotubes, Phys. Rev. Lett. 117, 015502 (2016)], have been highlighted by the editors as two separate Editors’ Suggestions.

    Publication of a Letter is already a considerable achievement, as Physical Review Letters accepts fewer than 1/4 of submissions, and is ranked first among physics and mathematics journals by the Google Scholar five-year h-index. A “highlighted Letter” has additional significance, because only about one Letter in six is highlighted as a Suggestion due to its particular importance, innovation, and broad appeal. Suggestions are downloaded twice as often as the average Letter, and are covered in the press substantially more often. If Suggestions were a separate publication, they would have an Impact Factor of 13.

    2016: our results showing that “two atoms in an optical cavity can absorb the same photon” [PDF, Link, arXiv] have been featured in a well written and pedagogical “Focus” article [PDF, Link] (written by Phillip Ball) in APS’s “Physics”.
    These results have also been prominently featured in Physics World [PDF, Link] and many other web sites covering science news.

  • 2016: Dr. F. Nori is quoted prominently in an article on Quantum Biology, published in a daily newspaper (“El Espaniol”) of wide circulation in Spain. [PDF, Link]

  • 2015: The research of the group of Dr. F. Nori is mentioned in the brief overview “Scaling the Universe”, by T. Hatsuda. [PDF, Link], and one of the four references there is the one by Georgescu, Ashhab, Nori, Quantum simulation, Reviews of Modern Physics 86, 153 (2014). [PDF, Link]

  • 2015: Dr. F. Nori (in collaboration with Drs. Taguchi and Tajima) published a seven page overview [Link] of the research activities of CEMS, at RIKEN. This was published in AAPPS vol. 25, number 6 (December 2015). AAPPS is the "Association of Asia Pacific Physical Societies".

  • 2015: Dr. R.Johansson received a RIKEN Research and Technology Incentive Award.

  • 2015: Dr. N.Lambert received a RIKEN Research and Technology Incentive Award and a CEMS Award.

  • 2015: Dr. F.Nori gave two presentations to many students at a large all-female School in Tokyo (Seisen International School, which has students from all over the world). These talks were given during "Career Day" and these were talks to motivate girls to study science and engineering.

  • 2015: The software QuTiP (developed in our group) is mentioned in an article in Nature [Link, PDF]. The article writes that: "QuTip, another Python package, enables researchers working on quantum mechanics to define a system and then simulate how it behaves."

  • 2015: One of our figures was featured for a long time in the main page of the APS journals. This was also the cover of RMP [Link, PDF].

  • 2014: Elsevier named Dr. F. Nori a "Most Valued Reviewer of 2014".

  • 2014: Dr. Nori was selected as an EPL Distinguished Referee for 2014 [PDF].

  • 2014: Riken Research News, Electron quantum states set free [PDF].

  • 2014: Dr. Franco Nori received the Matsuo Foundation award for contributions to quantum electronics, quantum information, as well as atomic physics and quantum optics in artificial atoms on electronic chips.
    This is the first time that this award is given to a non-Japanese.
    It was featured in Science News (in Japan), November 7, 2014, RIKEN Topics [PDF], and iTHES Newsletter [PDF].

  • 2014: Dr. Franco Nori has been elected Fellow of the Optical Society of America (OSA) for his fundamental contributions to quantum information science and optics, including circuit quantum electrodynamics, and the interface between quantum optics and quantum circuits [PDF, Link]. It was featured in Optics & Photonics News [PDF].

  • 2014: The front page of the web site of PRB [Link] showed a figure [Link] from our paper on "Amplitude and phase effects in Josephson qubits driven by a biharmonic electromagnetic field" [PDF, Link].

  • 2014: The calendar of the APS (distributed to all APS members) showed several figures, one for each month. The figure chosen for the month of February 2015 [Link] is from our paper on "Amplitude and phase effects in Josephson qubits driven by a biharmonic electromagnetic field" [PDF, Link].

  • 2014: Riken Press Release, Electrons moving in a magnetic field exhibit strange quantum behavior [PDF].

  • 2014: Riken Research News, A glimpse into the quantum world [PDF]. A general theory describes how averaging over many quantum weak measurements makes it possible to probe quantum systems experimentally. This summary features our work presented in: Dressel, J., Bliokh, K. Y. & Nori, F. Classical field approach to quantum weak measurements. Physical Review Letters 112, 110407 (2014) [Link].

  • 2014: Our work on the "Extraordinary momentum and spin in evanescent waves", published in Nature Communications 5, 3300 (2014) [PDF, Link] has been featured in RIKEN Research Highlights [PDF, Link].

  • A.M. Zagoskin, E. Ilichev, M. Grajcar, J.J. Betouras, F. Nori
    How to test the "quantumness" of a quantum computer?
    Frontiers in Physics 2, 33 (2014). [PDF][Link][arXiv]

  • 2014: Dr. K. Bliokh received a RIKEN Research and Technology Incentive Award. He was the only person from the "Interdisciplinary Theoretical Science Research Group" receiving this award. These awards were presented to a few researchers under age 40 who achieved exemplary research results.

  • 2014: Our paper (Imaging the dynamics of free-electron Landau states, P. Schattschneider, Th. Schachinger, M. Stoger-Pollach, S. Loffler, A. Steiger-Thirsfeld, K. Y. Bliokh, F. Nori, Nature Communications 5, 4586 (2014)) [PDF, Link] has been featured in the news by: 2Physics [PDF, Link], Daily News [PDF, Link], Phys.org [PDF, Link], EurekAlert! [PDF, Link], Nanowerk [PDF, Link], Science Newsline [PDF, Link], Science Daily [PDF, Link], and Innovations Report [PDF, Link] .

  • 2014: Our work on Imaging the dynamics of free-electron Landau states [PDF, Link] has been featured as the first "Headline News" of the August 15, 2014, issue of "Physics World" [PDF, Link]. In our publication in Nature Communication, we report the real-space observation of Landau states and the internal rotational dynamics of free electrons. States with different quantum numbers are produced using nanometre-sized electron vortex beams, with a radius chosen to match the waist of the Landau states, in a quasi-uniform magnetic field. We observe that Landau modes with different azimuthal quantum numbers belong to three classes, which are characterized by rotations with zero, Larmor, and cyclotron frequencies, respectively. This is in sharp contrast to the uniform cyclotron rotation of classical electrons, and in perfect agreement with recent theoretical predictions.

  • 2014: A recent prepint from a German group [Link] writes in the introduction that our 2007 PRL started the field of electron vortex beams. The quote from their introduction is this: "While plane-wave electrons were used in most previous studies, new types of electron vortex beams, called twisted electrons, can now be generated. These twisted electrons are characterized by the projection of orbital angular momentum m onto the beam's propagation axis, which is the topological charge of the vortex. Electron vortex beams were first predicted theoretically in 2007 [our PRL] in analogy to optical vortex beams and have been realized experimentally later on with m ~ 100 hbar and kinetic energies of several hundred keV. Twisted electrons have been used to reveal information on the chiral and magnetic structure of materials [16, 17], even down to the atomic scale [18, 19]. Moreover, they feature spin-orbit-coupling [20, 21] and a large orbital angular momentum induced contribution to the electron magnetic moment [20] that, e.g., modifies polarization radiation [22, 23]. In addition, the propagation of twisted electron beams in external electric or magnetic fields allows to study the vacuum Faraday effect [24], Larmor and Guoy rotation [25], and fundamental properties of quantized electron states in magnetic fields [26]."

  • 2014: An article in Nature [PDF],[Link] lists our work as the starting point of the field of electron vortex beams. Many other articles also do this. Their text starts like this: "Electron vortex beams, also known as electron twisters, are quantum waves of electrons that have a rotational motion akin to that of the notional electron clouds orbiting atomic nuclei - except that there is no central Coulomb force to hold the electrons, so the quantum wave can travel along its axis of propagation as it rotates. These beams remained a theoretical novelty [1] until their experimental demonstration four years ago [2-4]. They have many interesting physical properties, including potentially high magnetic moments and their interaction with matter and electromagnetic fields [5]." Here, [1] refers to our work K.Y. Bliokh, Y.P. Bliokh, S. Savel'ev, F. Nori, Semiclassical dynamics of electron wave packet states with phase vortices, Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 190404 (2007). [PDF][Link][arXiv]

  • 2014: Another article in Applied Physics Letters http://scitation.aip.org/content/aip/journal/apl/104/4/10.1063/1.4863564 writes this: "Electron vortex beams were introduced a few years ago theoretically by Bliokh et al. [1] and subsequently observed experimentally by Uchida and Tonomura, [2] Verbeeck et al., [3] and McMorran et al. [4] Vortex beams are characterized by a staircase-like wavefront and therefore by a phase singularity that is stable upon free propagation. [5]
    These beams are creating a very large interest for both fundamental studies, since they are a discrete state and eigenstates of the orbital angular momentum (OAM), [6] and for application as promising tools for transmission electron microscopy (TEM), [7] among which the most remarkable is magnetic dichroism. [8] On the other hand, these beams have also been used to convey angular momentum to nanoparticles [9,10] and are predicted to be an essential element for the design of an electron spin polarizer. [11] " Here Ref [1] refers to the same PRL of ours, listed above.

  • 2014: Our article 'Photon trajectories, anomalous velocities and weak measurements: a classical interpretation' [Link] published in the New Journal of Physics has been selected by the editors for inclusion in their exclusive 'Highlights of 2013' collection. To mark this achievement they provided a certificate [PDF] formally recognising the inclusion of this article. Articles were chosen on the basis of referee endorsement, novelty, scientific impact and broadness of appeal. The full list of selected article highlights is available online at http://iopscience.iop.org/1367-2630/page/highlights-of-2013.

  • 2014: Dr. Nori was a High-school "Science Fair Judge" at a large International School in Tokyo (Seisen International School, which has students from all over the world). He also presented the awards to all of the winners.

  • 2014: Our group participated in the annual RIKEN Open House, which attracted over 11,000 people in the one-day-long event (on a Saturday of each April) involving many research groups. Approximately 2,000 people visited the very popular booth put together by our group, showcasing educational and entertaining physics exhibits and hands-on activities aimed for the general public.

  • 2014: Our March 2014 Nature Physics paper is covered in The "Research Highlights" section of Nature [PDF][Link].

  • 2014: Our paper (Extraordinary momentum and spin in evanescent waves, K. Y. Bliokh, A. Y. Bekshaev, F. Nori, Nature Communications 5, 3300 (2014)) [PDF, Link] has been featured in the news by: Phys.org [PDF, Link], Nanowerk [PDF, Link], EurekAlert! [PDF, Link], Science Newsline [PDF, Link], Technology.org [PDF, Link], International Science Times [PDF, Link], and RIKEN [PDF, Link].

  • 2014: The cover story of the Jan-March issue of Reviews of Modern Physics is located here: [Link]. The article is I.M. Georgescu, S. Ashhab, and F. Nori, Quantum Simulation, Rev. Mod. Phys. 86, 153 (2014) [PDF, Link].

  • 2014: The magazine "New Scientist" published an article on how "Google's quantum computer flunks landmark speed test" [Link, local PDF] featured our preprint [arxiv] on How to test the "quantumness" of a quantum computer?

  • 2014: A figure [link] from our paper on "Strongly anisotropic Dirac quasiparticles in irradiated graphene" [PDF, link] has been chosen to be displayed on the front page of the web site of PRB [link].

  • 2014: Dr. F. Nori is quoted on page 40 of the January 2014 issue of Physics World. In a Feature article on Quantum Computing: "Questioning quantum speed".

  • 2013: Dr. Nori was selected as an EPL Distinguished Referee for 2013 [Link, PDF].

  • 2013: Dr. Nori was a High-school "Science Fair Judge" at an International School in Tokyo (Seisen International School).

  • 2013: Our group participated in the annual RIKEN Open House, which attracted about 8,000 people in the one-day-long event (on a Saturday of each April) involving many research groups. Approximately 2,000 people visited the very popular booth put together by our group, showcasing educational and entertaining physics exhibits and hands-on activities aimed for the general public.

  • 2013: The Rochester Conferences on Coherence and Quantum Optics (CQO) have been held every six years since their inception in 1960, essentially coincident with the first observation of lasing. The Quantum Information and Measurement (QIM) meeting was initiated last year by the Optical Society to cover many of the exciting developments which employ quantum measurement. These two conferences were held jointly in June 2013. The URL is: http://cqo.pas.rochester.edu/. The two long plenary talks for the opening day were given by Serge Haroche and F. Nori. Other plenary talks were given by leading experts on quantum optics, quantum information, and quantum measurement. The program for these two joint conferences is available online here: http://cqo.pas.rochester.edu/files/2013/06/CQOX-QIM.Schedule.v6.pdf

  • 2013: A figure from our paper on " Massless collective excitations in frustrated multi-band superconductors", Phys. Rev. B 88, 224516 (2013) [PDF, link] was chosen by the editors to be featured in the journal web site [PDF, link].

  • 2013: The Rapid Communication publication titled "Strongly anisotropic Dirac quasiparticles in irradiated graphene", Phys. Rev. B 88, 241112(R) (2013) [link, PDF], has been chosen as an "Editor's Suggestion" by the Editors of Physical Review B.

  • During the decade 2003-2013, 18 of our papers are listed by ISI (Essential Science Indicators) as top 1% cited papers in all areas of Physics (i.e., including high-energy physics, astrophysics, condensed matter, AMO, biophysics, etc). Thirteen (13) of these top 1% cited papers were published during the period 2008-2013. Eight of these top 1% cited papers were published during the period 2011-2013.

    • The 5-year h-index of the PI is 28, over refereed papers from 2008-2013 (versus 50 on Google Scholar). These numbers are high, for a single PI, as can be seen by direct comparison with the total 2008-2013 journal article output of the major international physics collaborations: Belle (~400 authors) h=19; Ligo (~800 authors) h=22; and Atlas (~3,000 authors) h=28.

    • The PI was ranked third in the world (out of a total of 12,269 authors) in the Thomson Reuters Science-Watch census of authors in terms of contributions to quantum computing over the decade 1999-2009.

    • Science Watch (ScienceWatch.com, which is part of Thomson Reuters) performed an analysis [Link] of quantum computing research using superconducting qubits over the decade 1998-2008. This analysis indicates that our 2005 Physics Today article on superconducting qubits has made a significant contribution to this field. Moreover, according to ISI, our 2005 Physics Today (PT) article is among the most cited PT papers in the 14 years from 2000 to 2013.

    • Furthermore, according to the ISI "Essential Science indicators" [Link] our 2005 Physics Today article is also in the top 0.1% cited papers among all papers published in all areas of physics. Physics Today has a circulation of 100,000 readers. Our 2005 Physics Today article has been translated into Japanese (the journal Parity) and also into other languages.

    • That same analysis [Link] of quantum computing research using superconducting qubits over the decade 1998-2008, indicates that another one of our papers has had a significant impact in this field. This is the paper "Controllable coupling between superconducting qubits", published in Physical Review Letters in 2006.

    • ScienceWatch.com devoted a "Special Topics" on "Quantum Computers" [Link]. Science Watch selected the top 20 papers from a pool of 243 papers over a two-years period 2008-2009. One of these top 20 cited papers was our work on "Controllable coherent population transfers in superconducting qubits for quantum computing", published in 2008 in Physical Review Letters.

  • 1996 to this day: The Image Gallery of the Division of Materials Physics (of the American Physical Society) has featured an image from our research [Link, PDF]. An explanation of that found can be found here [Link, PDF]. Published in F. Nori, Intermittently flowing rivers of quantized magnetic flux, Science 271, 1373-1374 (1996).

  • 2013: Our preprint on "Vindicating Heisenberg" (arXiv:1308.4853) was featured in the Nov. 1, 2013, issue of Physics World. [Link] There, Philip Ball wrote that "...an interesting perspective on the error-disturbance relationships of Heisenberg and Ozawa, in a preprint by Justin Dressel and Franco Nori: arxiv:1308.4853. They too question whether Ozawa's definitions capture the spirit of Heisenberg's, and consider a different way of formulating the relationship that depends on the specifics of instrumentation - that is, on "information that pertains to a single detector event at a particular time." They also point out that the discussion bears on the notion of contextuality advanced in 1967 by Kochen and Specker, drawing on John Bell's work. In essence, Kochen and Specker proposed - and subsequent studies have proved - that the predictions of quantum mechanics are incompatible with any hidden-variables theory in which the values of the variables do not depend on the precise experimental context by which they are measured."

  • 2013: Riken Research News, Light propagation, the classical way [PDF] . It was also featured in Phys.org, Technology Org, MIRIAN KISTI and projectaurora.

  • 2013: Riken Research News, Searching for quantum physics in all the right places. [PDF]

  • 2013: F. Nori was one of the recipients of the "Commendation for Science and Technology" awarded by the Minister of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology (MEXT) to honor those who have made highly original research in science or technology. These awards were announced on April 8, 2013. From all areas of science, and from all over Japan, 41 researchers were selected. [PDF] [LINK] .

  • 2013: The Nature Publishing Index (p. 11) quoted Dr. F. Nori on research at RIKEN. [PDF]

  • 2013: Our paper titled "Quantum Biology" [PDF] [LINK], published in Nature Physics 9, pages 10-18 (2013):

    • is the most read paper in Nature Physics, during December 2012, January 2013 and the first half of February 2013. [PDF]

    • is the most emailed paper in Nature Physics, for December 2012 and January 2013. [PDF]

    • is one of four articles featured on the cover of that issue of Nature Physics.

    • has had about 9,500 page views (and 45 Tweets) in its first three months online at Nature Physics [LINK]

    • has been featured in an article in ArsTechnica [LINK]

  • 2013: Our work on microscopic avalanches and dynamical instabilities in materials is featured in a chapter written by Gunnar Pruessner, for a forthcoming ebook on Self-Organised Criticality (Marcus Aschwanden , editor), to be published by OpenAcademicPress.

  • 2012: Our work “Functional quantum biology in photosynthesis and magnetoreception”, arXiv:1205.0883v1 (2012) [Link], was reported in the “News of Technology Review” published by MIT: “The Quantum Biology Conundrum

  • 2012: The publication "Confidence and backaction in the quantum filter equation", by W. Cui, N. Lambert, Y. Ota, X-Y. Lu, Z-L. Xiang, J.Q. You and F. Nori, Phys. Rev.A, Nov 2012 (local PDF), has been featured in the Kaleidoscope section of Physical Review A.

  • 2012, August: RIKEN Research features our work on Rotations at the speed of light, (local PDF).

  • 2012: Our work on the Relativistic Hall Effect has been featured in:

  • 2012: The publication "Magnetic flux pinning in superconductors with hyperbolic‐tessellation arrays of pinning sites", by V.R. Misko and F. Nori, Phys. Rev.B, May 2012 (local PDF), has been featured in the Kaleidoscope section of Physical Review B.

  • 2012: The Nature Publishing Index featured our team's work (local PDF) including our two 2011 papers published in Nature.

  • 2012: Our paper Sudden vanishing and reappearance of nonclassical effects: General occurrence of finite-time decays and periodic vanishings of nonclassicality and entanglement witnesses, Phys. Rev. A 83, 053814 (2011) (local PDF) is prominently featured and discussed (in Spanish) in the blog: Misterios de la Astrofísica.

  • 2012: A recent preprint Chirality and angular momentum in optical radiation writes about our work in their introduction: "Originally termed the "Lipkin zilch" the optical chirality measures were found to be distinct from stress-energy and were initially dismissed as having no ready physical interpretation, but were later associated with conservation of polarization of the electromagnetic field [1, 2]. Recent work by Bliokh and Nori has uncovered close connections between the optical chirality density and such measures as polarization helicity and energy density [3]."

  • 2012, February: RIKEN Research, Emerging from the vortex, (local PDF).

  • 2012: Our paper, Stimulating uncertainty: Amplifying the quantum vacuum with superconducting circuits, Review of Modern Physics 84, 1 (2012), is prominently displayed in page 7 of the February 2012 issue of APS News, of the American Physical Society (APS), distributed to over 50,000 physicists around the world (local PDF). Our publication was also featured in the article: "Quantum string links black holes and violins", Medill Reports, Justin Eure (March 09, 2011) [ PDF] [ LINK].

  • 2012: "News and Views", Nature Physics, (22 January 2012), Optomechanical systems: Hot electrons but cool vibrations (local PDF), refers to our work on photo-thermal cooling (local PDF)which was also referred to in an experiment on Optical cavity cooling of mechanical modes of a semiconductor nanomembrane (local PDF).

  • 2012, January: Our paper, Quantum spin squeezing, Physics Reports 509, 89 (2011), is the most downloaded article of Physics Reports in the last 90 days (link, local PDF, data from Elsevier, January 2012).

  • 2012: Two of our papers, Electronic properties of mesoscopic graphene structures: Charge confinement and control of spin and charge transport(local PDF), Phys. Reports 503, 77 (2011) and Landau-Zener-Stuckelberg interferometry (local PDF), Phys. Reports 492, 1 (2010), are listed (as #3 and #18) in the "Top 25 Hottest Articles" of Physics Reports, (local PDF, data from July to September 2011 of ScienceDirect). According to this URL, "The Top25 allows you to see which articles have been downloaded the most, either from any of the 24 subject areas and/or from any of the 2,500 journals on ScienceDirect. ScienceDirect has nearly 11 million regular users which means that the Top25 lists provide an authoritative reflection of readership habits. These reports are generated quarterly, in order to truly reflect usage patterns. The Top25 is based on usage behaviour from the prior three months. So the Top25 lists published in September represent results of ScienceDirect usage during April, May and June of that year."


  • 2011: Our group participated in the annual RIKEN Open House, which attracted about 5,000 people in the one-day-long event (on a Saturday of each April) involving many research groups. More than 1,000 people visited the very popular booth put together by our group, showcasing educational and entertaining physics exhibits and hands-on activities aimed for the general public.

  • Physics Breakthroughs 20112011: Our work on the Observation of the dynamical Casimir effect in a superconducting circuit [Nature 479, 376 (2011)] was selected as one of the top five physics breakthroughs in 2011 by Physics World (5th place), Physics World reveals its top 10 breakthroughs for 2011 (local PDF).

  • 2011: The article Observation of the dynamical Casimir effect in a superconducting circuit, Nature 479, 376 (2011) (local PDF), which is the experimental realization of our theoretical proposals (PRL 2009, PRA 2010, reviewed in RMP 2012), was featured in


  • 2011: Our feature article in Physics Today (PT), Superconducting circuits and quantum information, Physics Today 58 (11), 42-47 (2005), is the most cited PT article since 2004, and the third most cited PT article in the past decade. Moreover, a 2011 analysis of quantum computing research over the past decade performed by Essential Science Indicators (ESI) indicates that this PT article has made a significant contribution to this field.

  • 2011, September: Our article Natural and artificial atoms for quantum computation, Reports on Progress in Physics 74, 104401 (2011) (local PDF), which is a review of recent progress towards realizing quantum computation using natural and artificial atoms as qubits, was featured in various web sites including IOP Asia-Pacific (local PDF) and Quantum Bayesian Networks blog. The blog wrote "This excellent paper describes the current state of the art of QC hardware for implementing the gate-circuit model."

  • 2011, July: Dr. Franco Nori is interviewed in "Chemistry World" (link, local PDF) regarding quantum simulations of chemical reactions and chemical dynamics. Some of our work related to this area can be found in these works (1.Modelling chemical reactions using semiconductor quantum dots, 2.Density functional theory and quantum computation, 3.Efficient quantum algorithm for preparing molecular-system-like states on a quantum computer, 4.Measurement-based quantum phase estimation algorithm for finding eigenvalues of non-unitary matrices, 5.Quantum simulators).

  • 2011, July: RIKEN Research postcard from Prof. Y.X. Liu to Prof. Franco Nori [PDF].

  • 2011, July: Our article Atomic physics and quantum optics using superconducting circuits, Nature 474, 589 (2011) (local PDF) was featured in various web sites including BioPortfolio, pubget.com, and Mendeley.

  • 2011, June: RIKEN Research postcard from Prof. J.Q. You to Prof. Franco Nori [PDF].

  • 2011, June: Our article, "Quantum effects in energy and charge transfer in an artificial photosynthetic complex," published in J. Chem. Phys. 134, 244103 (2011) has been selected for the June 2011 issue of JCP: BioChemical Physics (which features biophysical content from J. Chem. Phys., compiled to bring these articles to an even broader audience in the biophysical community).

  • 2011: Our work on "Control-free control: Manipulating a quantum system using only a limited set of measurements" (local PDF, and also in this link ) was featured in a "News and Views" article in Nature, on "Quantum Control". This is available online Nature PDF, Nature HTML, and (local PDF). It was also featured in Quantum News (local PDF, in Japanese).

  • 2010: Our group participated in the annual RIKEN Open House, which attracted about 8,000 people in the one-day-long event (on a Saturday of each April) involving many research groups. More than 1,000 people visited the very popular booth put together by our group, showcasing educational and entertaining physics exhibits and hands-on activities aimed for the general public.

  • 2010, December: Our work on distinguishing quantum and classical transport in nanostructures (PRL 2010) was featured in RIKEN Research, in the article Quantum or not? (local PDF).

  • 2010: Our prediction on the production of electron vortex beams (PRL 2007) has been implemented experimentally by three groups, published in two papers in Nature in 2010 and one in Science in 2011.

    • These results (our theory PRL and the subsequent two experiments in Nature) have been featured in Nature Nanotechnology: ( "Electron microscopy: A new spin on electron beams" (local PDF).

    • Non-technical summaries are available online here:
      2008: Riken Research News, Quantum corkscrews from twisting electron waves (local PDF) .

    • The first experiment is described here: Electrons spiral to a new future
      and they wrote this in their Nature paper:
      "Recently, it has been shown [13] that electron wave packets can carry a well-defined OAM, using the semi-classical paraxial solutions of the Schrödinger equation with phase singularities. The present experiment confirms the prediction [13] of quantum electron waves carrying OAM."
      Ref. 13 is our 2007 PRL (the one listed above). (local PDF) .

    • Afterwards, a group in Antwerp did an improved experiment [Nature (2010)].

    • Physics World interviewed us on this topic: Holography puts electrons in a twist.

    • 2011 experiments appeared in Science: Electron Vortex Beams with High Quanta of Orbital Angular Momentum. A Perspective on this is here: A New Twist for Electron Beams.

    • A 2013 PRL from the Antwerp group [PDF][LINK] writes about the history of this subject:
      "However, vortex beams of matter waves were not considered in detail until 2007 [1], when electron-vortex beams were first theoretically described... The first experimental demonstrations of electron-vortex beams were presented in 2010 [19,20]. Uchida and Tonomura produced their vortex beams using an approximation to a stepped, spiral phase plate, while Verbeeck et al. used a holographic reconstruction method [19,20].
      Subsequent research has since developed electron-vortex beams much more broadly. Electron-vortex beams have been demonstrated for both detecting magnetic states within a material [20,21] and as a tool for manipulating nanoparticles [22]. They have been produced with very high orders of OAM [23,24], and down to atomic size [25,26]. Alternative methods of production have also been developed. The holographic reconstruction setup used by Verbeeck et al. [20] was adapted for application within scanning transmission electron microscopy [27], while the previous work was better suited to conventional transmission electron microscopy."

  • 2011: Our PRL article Relativistic electron vortex beams: Angular momentum and spin-orbit interaction, Phys. Rev. Lett. 107, 174802 (2011) describes the exact vortex Bessel-beam states of Dirac electrons. This provides a significant extension of the vortex-beam theory, including: (i) relativistic, (ii) spin, and (iii) nonparaxial effects. Our study demonstrates, for the first time, spin-orbit interaction phenomena inside free electrons. It also provides the general theory of angular and magnetic momenta of relativistic electrons including nonparaxial Berry-phase corrections.

  • 2010, September: Riken Research, A trick of the light (local PDF).

  • 2010, May: APS's Physics featured our paper on the Surface Josephson Plasma Waves in Layered Superconductors above the Plasma Frequency: Evidence for a Negative Index of Refraction in a synopsis: Superconductor optics (local PDF).

  • 2010, Experiments (local PDF ) (by Dr. Uchida and Dr. Tonomura) published in Nature confirmed our 2007 theoretical prediction on Quantum corkscrews from twisting electron waves published in 2007 in Physical Review Letters (local PDF).

  • 2010, May: Nature publishes a "Milestones" issue devoted to photons. F. Nori is one of the 18 "Milestones advisors" for this special issue (this list is only in the printed version ).

  • 2010, April: Our exact spinor wave function (local file) for an electron on a graphene triangular quantum dot was displayed on the front page of the Physical Review B journal web site. It is available in PRB Kaleidoscope (for April 2010).

  • 2010, March: Riken Research, The geometry of randomness (local PDF).

  • 2010, January: Riken Research, Emulation for understanding (local PDF).

  • 2009: Dr. Nori was a "Science Fair Judge" at an International School near Tokyo (Columbia International School).

  • 2009: Our group participated in the annual RIKEN Open House, which attracted about 10,000 people in the one-day-long event (on a Saturday of each April) involving many research groups. More than 1,000 people visited the very popular booth put together by our group, showcasing educational and entertaining physics exhibits and hands-on activities aimed for the general public.

  • 2009, October: Our article "Quantum Simulators," Science 326, 108 (2009) (local PDF) is an overview of different quantum systems than can be used to emulate other quantum systems - quantum simulators. It was featured in RIKEN Research as "Controllable quantum systems that allow us to better understand complex physical processes are now within reach," and also in various web sites including Nanowerk, Nextbigfuture, SMarticle and RIKEN press release.

  • 2009, October: Riken Research News, Forecasting solar-energy harvests (local PDF).

  • 2009, September: APS's Physics featured our paper on the Dynamical Casimir Effect in a Superconducting Coplanar Waveguide in a synopsis: How to accelerate the wall of an optical waveguide (local PDF).

  • 2009, July: Our article "Modeling light-driven proton pumps in artificial photosynthetic reaction centers" (local PDF) was selected as the only current "Research Highlight" (local PDF) of the Journal of Chemical Physics (JCP). JCP was ranked #1 in Atomic, Molecular, and Chemical Physics, according to the ISI, 2008.

  • 2009: Riken Research News, Dilating time with superconductors (local PDF, also featured on the cover page).

  • 2009: Riken Research News, Warming up to the Casimir force (local PDF).

  • 2009: Riken Research News, The single photon switch (local PDF).

  • 2008: Our group participated in the annual RIKEN Open House, which attracted about 9,000 people in the one-day-long event (on a Saturday of each April) involving many research groups. About 1,000 people visited the very popular booth put together by our group, showcasing educational and entertaining physics exhibits and hands-on activities aimed for the general public.

  • 2008: Riken Research News, Metamaterials shake up electrons [PDF].

  • 2008: Riken Research News, Slower switching for quantum coherence [PDF].

  • 2008: Riken Research News, Keeping cool for quantum clarity [PDF].

  • 2008, July 28: Superconductor Week (page 6), RIKEN Proposes Method to Improve Quantum Coherence. Featured our paper on "Simultaneous Cooling of an Artificial Atom and Its Neighboring Quantum System", Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 047001 (2008) (local PDF).

  • 2008, May: Interview on "Sound Producing Sand". Published in "Lake" Magazine, May 2008. Page 29 (local PDF).

  • 2008, April 2: Superconductor Week prominently featured (about one page out of eight for the entire issue) our theory-experiment collaboration on novel ways to control the motion of flux quanta in superconductors ("Nonlinear Nanodevices Using Magnetic Flux Quanta", Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 207003 (2007), local PDF).

  • 2008: Riken Research News, Quantum corkscrews from twisting electron waves. (local PDF).

  • 2008: Riken Research News, Magnetic flux quanta get a dance lesson. (local PDF).

  • 2008: Optical Society of America (OSA) workshop on Entanglement and Quantum Decoherence (EQD). Nara, Japan. January 2008. F. Nori was a co-organizer and its USA-Japan liason. Six collaborators presented results here. (local PDF).

  • 2008: The research done in the group of Prof. Nori is prominently featured in an article (published January 31, 2008) in "Il Sole 24 Ore", the most important economic/financial newspaper in Italy. (local PDF).

  • 2007: Our group participated in the annual RIKEN Open House, which attracted about 6,000 people in the one-day-long event (on a Saturday of each April) involving many research groups. About 1,000 people visited the very popular booth put together by our group, showcasing educational and entertaining physics exhibits and hands-on activities aimed for the general public.

  • 2007: Prof. F. Nori elected fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS). Ten from University (of Michigan) chosen as AAAS Fellows (local PDF), AAAS Members Elected as Fellows (local PDF), Honors to physicists at RIKEN (local PDF).

  • 2007: Nature Nanotechnology, November 2007. Magnetic devices: New look for flux diodes (local PDF)

  • 2007: The publication "Calculated magnetic field distribution for an electromagnetic wave impinging on a layered superconductor at a resonant angle", by V.A. Yampol’skii, A.V. Kats, M.L. Nesterov, A.Yu. Nikitin, T.M. Slipchenko, S. Savel'ev, and F. Nori, Phys. Rev.B 76, 224504 (2007) (local PDF), has been featured in the Kaleidoscope section of Physical Review B.

  • 2007: Daily Telegraph, UK. November 2007. Quantum theory.

  • 2007: New Scientist, UK. October 2007. Quantum theory.

  • 2007: News coverage on our research, in Russian. Inauka (local PDF). Another news item in Russian: GPU (local PDF).

  • 2007: News coverage on our research, in Russian. Lenta (december 2007) (local PDF). English translation (local PDF).

  • 2007: "Artificial atoms made of small circuits", University of Michigan, Physics Department, Annual Newsletter 2007. (local PDF).

  • 2007: Physics Today, August 2007, page 29. Stakeholders weight costs of open-access publishing, by Paul Guinnessy (local PDF).
    Also, Prof. Franco Nori was quoted in the pamphlet on the "Free to Read" initiative by the American Physical Society (local PDF).

  • 2007: Prof. Franco Nori comments in Science on results on "acoustic emissions produced by sand avalanches" Looking Inside a Dune for its Boom (local PDF).

  • 2007: Riken Research News, Profile of Prof. Franco Nori, Taming Quantum Fluxes (local PDF).

  • 2007: Riken Research News, Superconductors' dripping faucet (local PDF).

  • 2007: Riken Research News, Left-handed waves for perfect two-dimensional imaging (local PDF).

  • 2007: Riken Research News, Driving for smaller engines (local PDF).

  • 2006: Our group participated in the annual RIKEN Open House, which attracted about 7,000 people in the one-day-long event (on a Saturday of each April) involving many research groups. About 1,000 people visited the very popular booth put together by our group, showcasing educational and entertaining physics exhibits and hands-on activities aimed for the general public.

  • 2006: Riken Research News, Using defects to improve quantum bits (local PDF).

  • 2006: Riken Research News, New ways to control terahertz waves (local PDF).

  • 2006: Riken News, Interview with Prof. Franco Nori (in Japanese) (local PDF).

  • 2006: Riken Research News, All shook up - Brazil nut effect explained by quantum analogy (local PDF).

  • 2006: Riken Research News, Superconducting circuit to test quantum theories (local PDF).

  • 2006: Riken Research News, The shifting currents of superconductors (local PDF).

  • 2006: Riken Research News, Noisy whirlpools ousted to improve magnetic sensitivity (local PDF).

  • 2006: Our work on Josephson plasmons [Analogues of nonlinear optics using terahertz Josephson plasma waves in layered superconductors, Nature Physics 2, 521-525 (2006). [PDF] [LINK]] has been featured in a Nature Physics News and Views [PDF] [Link] by Joe Orenstein [Josephson plasmons: The new wave, Nature Physics 2, 503-504 (2006)].

  • 2005: Our group participated in the annual RIKEN Open House, which attracted about 7,000 people in the one-day-long event (on a Saturday of each April) involving many research groups. About 1,000 people visited the very popular booth put together by our group, showcasing educational and entertaining physics exhibits and hands-on activities aimed for the general public.

  • 2005: News coverage (local PDF) on our work on superconducting qubits (Y.X. Liu, et al., Controllable coupling between flux qubits, Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 067003 (2006), local PDF). This describes a new method to control the coupling and de-coupling of qubits, by tuning the frequencies of the applied fields.

  • 2005: On our publication "Using Josephson Vortex Lattices to Control THz Radiation: Tunable Transparency and THz Photonic Crystals":

  • 2005: Our work on mechanical qubits (by S. Savel'ev, X. Hu, and F. Nori) has been featured in several venues including:

  • 2004: Our group participated in the annual RIKEN Open House, which attracted about 6,000 people in the one-day-long event (on a Saturday of each April) involving many research groups. About 1,000 people visited the very popular booth put together by our group, showcasing educational and entertaining physics exhibits and hands-on activities aimed for the general public.

  • 2003: Our group participated in the annual RIKEN Open House, which attracted about 6,000 people in the one-day-long event (on a Saturday of each April) involving many research groups. About 1,000 people visited the very popular booth put together by our group, showcasing educational and entertaining physics exhibits and hands-on activities aimed for the general public.

  • 2003: Our publication "Reversible Rectifier that Controls the Motion of Magnetic Flux Quanta in Superconductors", (2003) has been featured in several venues including:

    • an "Enhanced Perspectives" in Science 302 1159 (2003). It is available on-line at sciencemag.com This is the only "Enhanced Perspectives" of that issue of Science, with dozens of links with further information on the subject, and one of three "Enhanced Perspectives" covering all of physics for 2003.

    • prominently featured in the page "This week in Science" of that issue of Science (Nov. 14, 2003).

    • Newspapers in Europe (e.g., El Pais, Madrid), Japan, and the USA.

    • Spain Nano-technology Network

    • Nanopic site

  • 2003: Our publication "Controlling Transport in Mixtures of Interacting Particles using Brownian Motors", by S. Savel'ev, F. Marchesoni, and F. Nori, Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 10601 (2003), available on-line, has been featured in:

    • For several weeks as the top-listed research news in the front page of the University of Michigan web site (www.umich.edu). This web site gets a lot of traffic everyday. The actual press release is here

    • A very nontechnical and brief graphical summary can be found here

    • Newswise/Science News also appeared in Small Times magazine (presenting technological advances in nano-science). http://www.smalltimes.com/

    • Le Scienze, the Italian version of Scientific American, among other science news outlets.

    • Conveyor Belt on a nanometer scale, Machine Design, No. 19. Vol. 75, Pg. 35; October 9, 2003.

  • 2003: Our work on vortex dynamics in superconductors was featured in part of a television program, prepared by the Danish Broadcast Corporation, about the study of superconducting materials.

  • 2003: Our work Observing Brownian motion in vibro-fluidized granular matter, by G. D'Anna, et al. has been featured in (the list below is very incomplete):

  • 2002: Our group participated in the annual RIKEN Open House, which was the one-day-long event (on a Saturday of each April) involving many research groups. About 1,000 people visited the very popular booth put together by our group, showcasing educational and entertaining physics exhibits and hands-on activities aimed for the general public.

  • 2002: Our 1999 work on "Biologically-inspired solid-state devices for the control of the motion of quanta" is nicely highlighted in the Molecular Motors first feature article of the November, 2002, Physics Today, page 38. 442571

  • 2002: Our publication "Experimentally-realizable devices for controlling the motion of magnetic flux quanta in anisotropic superconductors", S. Savelev and F. Nori, published in Nature Materials, 1, 179 (November 2002), has been:

    • Listed on the cover of the November issue of Nature Materials.

    • Featured in a pedagogical two-pages "News and Views", Nature Materials 1, 143 (2002), titled: "Controlling the Motion of Quanta".

    • Nikkei (this newspaper is the Japanese version of the "Wall Street Journal"), Monday, January 6, 2003. An article on Page 23 describing these results.

    • November 6, 2002. Stories of modern science, from UPI, By Ellen Beck. (UPI = United Press International).

    • November 13, 2002. Electronics Weekly, Pg. 6. "US and Japanese scientists control magnetic flux quanta".

    • The UM press release was covered by news agencies and newswire services, including: (*) Innovations Report, Forum für Wissenschaft, Industrie und Wirtschaft, a technical news site in Germany); (*) AScribe, The Public Interest Newswire; (*) NewsWise, that covers new science and technology developments.

  • 2002: Our publication on novel quantum nano-circuitry: "Scalable Quantum Computing with Josephson junction Qubits", J.Q. You, J.S. Tsai, and F. Nori, in Physical Review Letters, 89, 179 (November 2002) (available on line from http://link.aps.org/abstract/PRL/v89/e197902) has been featured in several places, including:

    • The December 11 to 18, 2002, issue of the Technology Review News, Page 1. Available at http://www.trnmag.com/. It features our results, and also four other stories for that week. The article, titled "Design links quantum bits", is relatively long (for a news piece).

    • November 22, 2002: United Business Media's Electrical Engineering Times, described as "The Industry Source for Engineers and Technical Managers Worldwide", has an article describing our results (titled: ``Superconducting junctions eyed for quantum computing" and available here.

    • Electronics Weekly, November 06, 2002, News; Pg. 5, on our results on "Quantum qubits".

    • October 23, 2002. "Paper Discusses Circuitry for Quantum Computing", in Supercomputing online. Available here

    • Our work motivated the long article "Thoughtful about uploading", Bill Tammeus, Kansas City Star, November 2, 2002.

    • October 2002: Featured in Innovations Report, Forum für Wissenschaft, Industrie und Wirtschaft, a technical news site in Germany.

    • October 23, 2002: Featured in AScribe - The Public Interest Newswire. October 24, 2002, featured in NewsWise, that covers new science and technology developments.

    • The December 2002 issue of Science and Technology Trends (number 21, Dec. 2002) has a one-page article featuring our November 2002 PRL results. This is a publication of the ``Science and Technology Foresight Center" of the National Institute of Science and Technology Policy (NISTEP). The latter is part of the Ministry of Education, Culture, Science and Technology. Japan.

      Newspaper articles overseas include the following ones:

    • Japan Industry News of the "Japan Industrial Journal", page 2, Thursday, October 24, 2002.

    • Daily Industrial Newspaper (the Nikkan Kogyo Shinbun), page 4, Thursday, October 24, 2002.

    • Nikkei (this important newspaper is the Japanese version of the "Wall Street Journal"), Friday, October 25, 2002.

    • Science News (in Japan), November 8, 2002.

    • Press release by RIKEN, October 23, 2002.

  • 2000: The Discovery Channel: Television program first broadcasted in the summer of 2000, and rebroadcasted many times since then.

  • 1999: 10-minutes Television program broadcasted by The Learning Channel (part of the Discovery Channel Network). It was first broadcasted on February 15, 16, and 17 of 1999, and replayed many times later.

  • 1999: Michigan Daily (2-12-1999). Ann Arbor News (2000). Both on sand avalanches.

  • 1998: Several of our results are very prominently featured and described in some detail in Chapter 2 of the book: Self-organized Criticality: Emergent Complex Behavior in Physical and Biological Systems, by H. Jensen (Cambridge, 1998).

  • 1998: Featured in the book Impossibility: The Limits of Science and the Science of Limits, (Oxford University Press, Oxford, 1998).

  • Science Magazines abroad. For instance, the December 1997 issue of the European science magazine Focus (with a circulation of over 300,000 copies per issue) devoted five pages (p. 32-36), including an interview, and also in the cover; the weekly Panorama (page 165; May 14, 1994) also featured our work.

  • Newspapers abroad (e.g., Swiss Die Weltwoche, Oct. 2 1997, Science Section, Full page article; and also in Germany).

  • Newspapers in the US (e.g., Dallas Morning News, Oct. 20, 1997, Discovery Section, Cover Story); also in newspapers in Michigan and Colorado.

  • Featured in the book How Nature Works, by Per Bak (Springer-Verlag, 1996). A full page with color photos and text, plus additional mentions elsewhere in the book.

  • 1999 American Physical Society: Centennial Exhibit celebrating the 100 years of the APS.
    Very large posters and also videos on our theory work on vortex dynamics were featured right next to the ``history of superconductivity" exhibit. Only another group, Argonne National Laboratory, was featured (experiments on vortex dynamics).

  • Physics World, 12, No. 4, p. 24 (April 1999); coverstory.

  • New Scientist, Vol. 161, No. 2179, P. 40 (27 March 1999). Also listed in the cover.

  • Science News, No. 155 (October 31, 1998). Coverstory, and the only featured long article of the issue.

  • Science News 154, 285 (Oct. 98)

  • New Scientist, No. 2140, p. 16 (June 27, 1998).

  • American Physical Society: Division of Materials Physics' Webpage (1996-present).

  • American Institute of Physics: Science Report Radio (Physics News broadcasted by Radio Stations) (1998). (Note: For over 25 years, Science Report Radio has been played regularly on 181 stations nationwide. It is the nation's longest running radio science feature. Each program reaches approximately four million listeners. At least one radio station in 19 of the top 20 markets broadcasts the show. In 1997, Science Report also became available via the Public Radio Satellite System).

  • Scientific American (August, 1997)
    1998: translations into Japanese, Chinese, Spanish, German, French, Polish, Arabic, etc. of our Scientific American article.

  • American Institute of Physics: Physics News 331 (July 24, 97)

  • Science On-Line: Science Now (July 17, 1997)

  • Science News 152, No. 3, 37 (July 97)

  • Physics Today ("Search and Discovery" section) 50, No. 6, 19 (June 97)

  • American Physical Society News 5, 9 (June 96)

  • Science 271, 1373 (March 8, 96)

  • American Institute of Physics: Physics News 261 (March 6, 96)

  • American Physical Society News 4, 8 (June 95)

  • Science News 147, 198 (April 95)

  • New Scientist, p. 36 (12 March 1994)

  • Science 264, 200 (April 94)

  • Physics World 6, 42 (Dec. 93)

  • Science News 144, 261 (Oct. 93)

  • Science News 142, 231 (Oct. 92)